Holders of direct title accounts are the main lenders. Currently, some 6,000 direct effects holders have registered to lend their shares. You can indicate: (1) all stocks, (2) only certain stocks or (3) some stocks can only be borrowed with maximum quantities. The outstandings remain in the accounts of potential lenders. CDP uses a separate system to track the credit pool. Storage movements are only required for SBL loans and executed reminders. In accordance with the mandatory rules on bonds and equity lending, CCHSA members who wish to lend their securities in exchange for income place the securities on their equity credit account, after which they are available to lend to HKSCC. As soon as a loan application is cross-referenced with the eligible securities in the equity credit account, the securities in question are deducted from that participant`s equity credit account and credited from HKSCC`s CCASS account. The loan has no fixed term, but it can be recalled by the lender at any time with five business days` notice. Securities lending is important for short selling in which an investor borrows securities and sells them immediately. The borrower hopes to take advantage of this by selling the guarantee and later buying it back at a lower price. As the property has been temporarily transferred to the borrower, the borrower is required to pay dividends to the lender.
In these transactions, the lender is compensated in the form of agreed fees and has also repaid the guarantee at the end of the transaction. This allows the lender to increase its returns by obtaining these fees. The borrower benefits from the opportunity to make a profit by reducing the securities. Most of LBL`s activities are conducted between large, highly developed institutions. Institutions follow the practice agreements that have developed over the years and are now included in codes such as the Equity Credit and Credit Code, developed by the UK Securities Lending and Superannuation Committee. The International Securities Lending Association has developed standard market agreements, such as the Global Master Securities Lending Agreement or GMSLA.B. In the case of securities lending, securities are classified according to their ability to absorb. High-liquidity securities are considered “light”; these products are easy to find on the market, someone should decide to borrow them for the purpose of selling them briefly. Securities that are illiquid in the market are considered “hard.” Due to various rules, short selling in the United States and some other countries must be preceded by the location of security and the amount that one wants to sell briefly to avoid bare short circuits. However, the lender can establish a list of securities that do not require such a location.
This list is designated as an easy-to-borrow list (short for ETB) and is also called flat-rate insurance. This list is compiled by brokers on the basis of “reasonable assurance” that the securities on the list are readily available at the client`s request. However, if a guarantee on the list cannot be provided as promised (a “delivery failure” would occur), acceptance of reasonable grounds no longer applies.